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Climate Services

RTC Italy

Integrated Projects


Resources Archives


Date: 24-28 June 2024  Venue: University Campus, Conegliano Veneto (I)   The increasing frequency of extreme weather events due to climate change represents a severe threat to agriculture. The long-lasting socio-economic costs of extreme events pose serious challenges for the farmers and the communities. Agricultural Meteorology, through the development of […]
Globally, 2023 was the hottest year on record since the pre-industrial era (1850-1900), with an average anomaly of almost +1.5°C, and two days in November that exceeded 2°C for the first time. In 2023, Europe experienced unusually high temperatures, with 11 out of 12 months recording temperatures above the historical […]
The abuse of greatness is when it disjoins Remorse from power, and, to speak truth of Caesar, I have not known when his affections swayed More than his reason. Shakespeare’s “Julius Caesar,” Act 3, Scene 1   At every COP, the United Nations climate summit, and the recently concluded COP28 […]
In Bratislava, the seeds of agricultural resilience are being sown as we speak, on December 11th, marking the commencement of the third edition of the International School of Agrometeorology. This intellectual harvest is meticulously cultivated by the Italian Association of Agro-meteorology (AIAM) in collaboration with CNR-IBE, designated as the WMO […]
On December 9, at the Italy Pavilion during COP 28 (United Nations Climate Change Conference in Dubai), the Meteorological Service of the Italian Air Force, in partnership with the Institute for Bioeconomy of the National Research Council (CNR), the University of L’Aquila, the Sant’Anna School of Pisa, and the Hydrology […]


Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems (MHEWS) for Africa

WMO RTC Italy at COP28

Field survey data on the effectiveness of agrometeorological services for smallholder farmers in Niger

The dataset contains the answers of smallholder farmers to a semi-structured field survey and the 2020 yield plot measurements conducted in 8 municipalities of the Dosso and Tillabéri regions in Niger. It is a systematic sampling of about 320 questionnaires and 192 yield plot samples equally distributed in eight municipalities of intervention. The dataset contains several pieces of information about the uptake and the impacts of a tailored climate service

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Climate stressors modulate interannual olive yield at province level in Italy: A composite index approach to support crop management

Although a large part of Italy is characterized by a Mediterranean climate intrinsically highly suitable for olive cultivation, farmers may experience variable interannual yields with associated agronomic and management costs. A detailed overview of major climate stressors and their ongoing impacts on olive yield variability at a broad spatial–temporal scale across Italy could improve the understanding of how interannual olive yields are modulated by seasonal local climate and would enhance

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Evaluation of the Impact of Seasonal Agroclimatic Information Used for Early Warning and Farmer Communities’ Vulnerability Reduction in Southwestern Niger

In Niger (a fully Sahelian country), the use of climate information is one of the early warning strategies (EWSs) for reducing socio-economic vulnerabilities in farmer communities. It helps farmers to better anticipate risks and choose timely alternative options that can allow them to generate more profit. This study assesses the impacts of the use of climate information and services that benefit end-users. Individual surveys and focus groups were conducted with

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Edited by Vladimír Šucha, Marta Sienkiewicz, JRC
Edward R. Carr, Rob Goble, Helen M. Rosko, Catherine Vaughan & James Hansen
Bruna De Marchi
Werner Krauß
Vaughan, C.; Dessai, S.
Thomas NOCKE, Till STERZEL, Michael BÖTTINGER and Markus WROBEL
Aznar-Crespo P, Aledo A, Melgarejo-Moreno J, Vallejos-Romero
Vaughan, C, Hansen, J, Roudier, P, Watkiss, P, Carr, E.
L’Astorina, A. & Mangia, C. (eds)
Bruce C. Glavovic, Timothy F. Smith & Iain White

Climate services


Climate services are products supplied with continuity over a reasonably long horizon for a particular category of users. Climate services differ from simple climate information because delivered regularly. They differ from meteorological information and services, such as forecast, data, observations both by the time scale and the added value (specific user, specific sector).


The awareness of the economic and social impacts of climate change is increasing. A proactive approach can support the reduction of these impacts: it is better to prepare for such events than react. From this perspective, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) strongly encourages the implementation of Climate Services to meet the needs of the different stakeholders.


Over the last 20 years, scientific research reached excellent results in the forecasts at different temporal and spatial scale. Researchers investigated to what extent human actions have consequences on climate change. Research findings underlines the advantage of the synergy between producers and users of climate information together with the development of operational tools.

The IBE Climate Services have reached different degrees of maturity. Some are already declared operational.

Others are under development or are operational for supporting internal research.


Agriculture 4.0, interoperable, free, open and collaborative. Supporting agriculture ecosystem to increase its potential.

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Turning climate-related information into added value for traditional MEDiterranean Grape, OLive and Durum wheat food systems

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Training activities and programs


“Worldwide impacts and costs of adverse climatic events like droughts, storms and floods can be significantly reduced through greater global cooperation and sharing of expertise and data. This calls for a new global “framework” to organize the efficient flow of climate information to all those who need it.”

Experience and mission

CNR IBE has an acknowledged experience in conceiving, organizing and delivering training on climate disciplines both in presence and online. RTC Italy’s aim is to contribute to the widespread of climate information and knowledge. So to help governments, organizations or individuals to better cope with climate risks.


The RTC Italy training programs focuse on the impact of climate change on natural resources and agriculture. They also focus on sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasting and prediction to manage water resources and agriculture. RTC Italy organises specific training sessions and workshops for international projects in African countries.
Capacity-building initiatives on advanced Meteorology, Climatology and Climate change.
Training operational Packages for Climate Services. A joint initiative of WMO and CNR-IBE, with the collaboration of IC-CNR.


A shared set of online resources to enhance knowledge in seasonal forecasting and operational use of seasonal climate forecasts.


Research and Action

Integrated Projects are complex initiatives integrating multiple components including operational services, capacity building activities and research. Bilateral and multilateral integrated projects are sponsored by funding agencies such as the Italian Cooperation, WMO, EU and often co-funded by IBE-CNR.

Slapis Sahel

SLAPIS SAHELProject Système Locale d’Alerte Précoce pour les Inondations au Sahel Slapis Sahel A Training and Research for Development Project The increase in the frequency

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Anadia 2.0

Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Prevention and Agricultural Development for Food Security. A training and research project contributing to the development of sustainable agriculture, through the adaptation of production systems to climate change.

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Open Data

Data as a Service

IBE ClimateServices provides full, open and free-of-charge access to data and information, consistent with the international data sharing principles.

The aim is to provide opportunities for the research and the stakeholder community to create a shared sustainable growth to cope with global challenges.

IBE commitment is to foster compliance with OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) data standards and web services and improve access to data, with a view towards long-term data stewardship.

Henri Poincaré, theoretical physicist

“The scientist does not study nature because it is useful to do so. He studies it because he takes pleasure in it, and he takes pleasure in it because it is beautiful. If nature were not beautiful it would not be worth knowing, and life would not be worth living.”


Shafer, M. (2008).

“Do we, as scientists, need to concern ourselves with whether or how the information is used?”